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All About CBG

Jul 27, 2021

CBG has been taking the cannabinoid world and search engines by storm. 

From questions like, “is CBG more effective than CBD?” to “how much is CBG worth?” it’s clear that this mother of all cannabinoids has piqued the interest of many.

So what is it about this “Rolls-Royce of cannabinoids” (known for garnering Rolls-Royce prices on the open market) that has been garnering so much attention? 

Bluebird delves a little deeper in today’s blog.

What Science Says About CBG

CBG, or cannabigerol, is a minor cannabinoid that makes a major impact.  It was discovered back in the 1960s but, with high cost and unclear applications, had been largely ignored until more recently. 

In addition to the Rolls Royce of cannabinoids, it’s often referred to as the “stem cell” or “mother” of cannabinoids (it’s got a lot of nicknames). This is not with reason - it’s the chemical “parent” or precursor through which other cannabinoids are synthesized.

What exactly does this mean? It means that, during the cannabis plant’s flowering cycle, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) converts into tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), the precursor of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), CBD’s precursor or raw form. It’s almost like the pre-evolved pokemon of cannabinoids. 

After enzymes do their work and the conversion to THCA and CBDA is complete, cannabis plants typically only contain trace amounts of CBGA, which can be decarboxylated or heated into CBG.

 

Why Is CBG So Expensive?

It’s true that CBG is expensive. A 2019 study suggests that CBG can bring up to $20,000 per kilo vs. CBD’s $3,600 per kilogram.

But why?

The simple answer? Concentration. CBG has less than 1 percent presence in most cannabis strains, which makes it most costly to extract in bulk.

Less mature cannabis plants tend to contain more CBG as it is essentially a younger cannabinoid. This means that cannabis producers must harvest their cannabis plants at an earlier stage in order to maximize the yield of CBG. This typically means at the expense or trade off of maximizing the CBD yield, which reaches its highest point further in the life cycle of the hemp plant.

 

What Is The Difference Between CBG And CBG?

CBD and CBG are both classified as phytocannabinoids, and produce an effect on your body by interacting with your endocannabinoid system. CBG has shown to support healthy antioxidant activity.


Both CBD and CBG communicate with the body’s cannabinoid receptors to produce the effects you may notice when taking a hemp extract supplement. While the research on CBG is more limited compared with CBD, we do know that these two cannabinoid cousins do interact a bit differently within the endocannabinoid system.


CBD has a relatively low affinity for both CB1 receptors (which are primarily in the brain and spinal cord) and CB2 receptors (which are primarily found in the immune and gastrointestinal systems). CBD acts as an antagonist of the CB2 receptor, limiting biological response activity, as opposed to activating it like an agonist of the receptor would.  


Research appears to show that it interacts with both CB1 and CB2 receptors as a partial agonist.


Here’s a quick comparison of key stats: 


Properties

CBG

CBD

Non-psychoactive

Extracted from hemp

Antagonist of CB2 receptors

Partial agonist of CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors

Found abundantly in the hemp plant

Works with endocannabinoid system (ECS)

The precursor to other cannabinoids

Present predominantly in hemp’s early growth cycle

Present predominantly in hemp’s late growth cycle

What happens when CBG is combined with CBD?

Pure Magic.

Just kidding! But it is a pretty awesome combination. 

You’ve probably heard the term “entourage effect,” - the concept that all cannabinoids and parts of the hemp plant working together in concert are more effective than any isolated compound.

While CBG doesn’t necessarily enhance this effect, it does - like all full-spectrum CBD products - maximize the natural wisdom of the hemp plant as nature intended. 

Bluebird’s new Uplift blend combines this innate hemp plant wisdom with botanically-derived terpenes to provide an uplifting boost to your day. Featuring an even balance of CBG + CBD per serving (7.5 mg of each) as well as d-alpha-pinene and d-limonene, it’s a powerful cannabinoid product with a light, almost-lemony flavor. Give it a try!

 

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CBG has been taking the cannabinoid world and search engines by storm. 

From questions like, “is CBG more effective than CBD?” to “how much is CBG worth?” it’s clear that this mother of all cannabinoids has piqued the interest of many.

So what is it about this “Rolls-Royce of cannabinoids” (known for garnering Rolls-Royce prices on the open market) that has been garnering so much attention? 

Bluebird delves a little deeper in today’s blog.

What Science Says About CBG

CBG, or cannabigerol, is a minor cannabinoid that makes a major impact.  It was discovered back in the 1960s but, with high cost and unclear applications, had been largely ignored until more recently. 

In addition to the Rolls Royce of cannabinoids, it’s often referred to as the “stem cell” or “mother” of cannabinoids (it’s got a lot of nicknames). This is not with reason - it’s the chemical “parent” or precursor through which other cannabinoids are synthesized.

What exactly does this mean? It means that, during the cannabis plant’s flowering cycle, cannabigerolic acid (CBGA) converts into tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA), the precursor of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and cannabidiolic acid (CBDA), CBD’s precursor or raw form. It’s almost like the pre-evolved pokemon of cannabinoids. 

After enzymes do their work and the conversion to THCA and CBDA is complete, cannabis plants typically only contain trace amounts of CBGA, which can be decarboxylated or heated into CBG.

 

Why Is CBG So Expensive?

It’s true that CBG is expensive. A 2019 study suggests that CBG can bring up to $20,000 per kilo vs. CBD’s $3,600 per kilogram.

But why?

The simple answer? Concentration. CBG has less than 1 percent presence in most cannabis strains, which makes it most costly to extract in bulk.

Less mature cannabis plants tend to contain more CBG as it is essentially a younger cannabinoid. This means that cannabis producers must harvest their cannabis plants at an earlier stage in order to maximize the yield of CBG. This typically means at the expense or trade off of maximizing the CBD yield, which reaches its highest point further in the life cycle of the hemp plant.

 

What Is The Difference Between CBG And CBG?

CBD and CBG are both classified as phytocannabinoids, and produce an effect on your body by interacting with your endocannabinoid system. CBG has shown to support healthy antioxidant activity.


Both CBD and CBG communicate with the body’s cannabinoid receptors to produce the effects you may notice when taking a hemp extract supplement. While the research on CBG is more limited compared with CBD, we do know that these two cannabinoid cousins do interact a bit differently within the endocannabinoid system.


CBD has a relatively low affinity for both CB1 receptors (which are primarily in the brain and spinal cord) and CB2 receptors (which are primarily found in the immune and gastrointestinal systems). CBD acts as an antagonist of the CB2 receptor, limiting biological response activity, as opposed to activating it like an agonist of the receptor would.  


Research appears to show that it interacts with both CB1 and CB2 receptors as a partial agonist.


Here’s a quick comparison of key stats: 


Properties

CBG

CBD

Non-psychoactive

Extracted from hemp

Antagonist of CB2 receptors

Partial agonist of CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors

Found abundantly in the hemp plant

Works with endocannabinoid system (ECS)

The precursor to other cannabinoids

Present predominantly in hemp’s early growth cycle

Present predominantly in hemp’s late growth cycle

What happens when CBG is combined with CBD?

Pure Magic.

Just kidding! But it is a pretty awesome combination. 

You’ve probably heard the term “entourage effect,” - the concept that all cannabinoids and parts of the hemp plant working together in concert are more effective than any isolated compound.

While CBG doesn’t necessarily enhance this effect, it does - like all full-spectrum CBD products - maximize the natural wisdom of the hemp plant as nature intended. 

Bluebird’s new Uplift blend combines this innate hemp plant wisdom with botanically-derived terpenes to provide an uplifting boost to your day. Featuring an even balance of CBG + CBD per serving (7.5 mg of each) as well as d-alpha-pinene and d-limonene, it’s a powerful cannabinoid product with a light, almost-lemony flavor. Give it a try!

 

// hbspt.cta.load(4484880, 'f6223640-1136-496c-a709-7c91d98791c7', {"region":"na1"}); //